DENGUE PREVENTION GUIDE
(Updated June 7, 2022)
1. WHAT IS DENGUE?
Dengue is an acute viral infection transmitted through a bite of a dengue-carrying mosquito (infected female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquito)
2. WHERE DO DENGUE MOSQUITOES LIVE AND BREED?
Dengue mosquitoes are usually in dark places and they breed in clear stagnant water. The metamorphosis from larvae to mosquito usually takes 10-12 days. Dengue carrying mosquitoes are “day biters” and frequent 2 hours before the sun sets.
Dengue is most common in sub-tropical and tropical countries like the Philippines where dengue is considered endemic across all its regions.
3. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DENGUE?
- High fever (2-7 days)
- Aches and pains (Eye pain, typically behind the eyes, muscle, joint, or bone pain)
- Loss of appetite
Time of Attack
- 6:00 AM – 8:00 AM
- 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
4. HOW TO PREVENT DENGUE?
Although most Dengue patients recover without any serious complications, it is better to take preventive measures to make sure that no one in your family gets this virus.
- Cover and clean water containers on a regular basis. Common household items like pet water containers, planter dishes, and flower vases can serve as breeding grounds since mosquitoes like to lay their eggs in standing water.
- Keep your house clean and tidy. Avoid leaving junk inside and outside the house which can possibly house mosquitoes and their eggs like old tires and other storage containers filled with water.
- Wear protective clothing like long sleeves and pants inside and outside the house most especially if you know that there is a dengue outbreak in your area.
- Invest in a mosquito net so you’re protected against insect bites when you sleep. Ensure that there are no holes and that it is properly sealed to get maximum protection.
- Consider putting up screens on your windows and doors to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home.
- Purchase insecticides that are effective against mosquitoes and safe to use inside your home. The use of mosquito coils may help but use with caution and keep away from the reach of children.
- Dispose of waste properly. If possible, use closed trash bins and take out your trash on a regular basis. Segregating and covering your trash help prevent insects from entering your household.
- Drain and clean your roof gutters to avoid water build up.Do the same with pools, fountains, and bathtubs.
- Apply mosquito repellent all over your body—most especially during the rainy season or if you know that you will be exposed to insects. Consult a doctor first before using any kind of product on children.
- Although dengue is not spread from person to person, mosquitoes can become infected after it bites someone with dengue fever. This cycle, therefore, makes the infected mosquito capable of spreading dengue within your household.
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