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Anti-Littering Law: 10 Things You Should Know

1. What is the Anti-Littering Law?

The Anti-Littering Law is MMDA Regulation No. 96-009 entitled, "PROHIBITING LITTERING/DUMPING/THROWING OF GARBAGE, RUBBISH OR ANY KIND OF WASTE IN OPEN OR PUBLIC PLACES, AND REQUIRING ALL OWNER'S, LESSEES, OCCUPANTS OF RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS, WHETHER PRIVATE OR PUBLIC TO CLEAN AND MAINTAIN THE CLEANLINESS OF THEIR FRONTAGE AND IMMEDIATE SURROUNDINGS AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR VIOLATION THEREOF", which was enacted into law by the Metro Manila Council on the 22nd Day of August, 1996. The regulation was amended on May 6, 1999 byMMDA Regulation No. 99-006.

2. When did the Anti-Littering Law take effect?

The law originally took effect on September 15, 1996. The implementation of the law was suspended last August 2002. The law will again be implemented in Metro Manila starting September 16, 2010.

3. What acts are prohibited by the Anti-Littering Law?

The Anti-Littering Law prohibits the following acts:

  • Littering, Illegal dumping, Illegal disposal of garbage;
  • Urinating, defecating, spitting in a public place;
  • Dirty frontage and immediate surroundings for establishment owners;
  • Improper and untimely stacking of garbage outside residence or establishment;
  • Obstruction (any dilapidated appliance, vehicle, and etc., display of merchandise, illegal structure along sidewalk);
  • Dirty public utility vehicles, or no trash can or receptacle;
  • Spilling, scattering, littering of wastes by public utility vehicles; and
  • Illegal posting or installed signage, billboards, posters, streamers and movie ads., etc.

4. Who has authority to apprehend violators of this law?

The MMDA will have deputized Environmental Enforcers monitoring the major thoroughfares of Metro Manila. These Environmental Enforcers (EE) will initially be in their mint green polo-shirt uniform (with MMDA logo), with identification cards (both employee ID and Deputation ID) clearly visible and displayed. They will be in charge of issuing Environmental Violation Receipts (EVR) to persons caught violating the Anti-Littering Law. The EE's ID shall contain a written Deputation Order, stating the name and deputation number of the EE, his authority to issue EVRs, and until when the order is effective.

5. How much is the fine if you violate this law?

The penalties for violating the provisions of the Anti-Littering law, according to the nature of offenses, are as follows: 

 Code  Nature of Offense  Nature of Offense  Option 2
(Render Community Service)
01  Littering, Illegal dumping,
Illegal disposal of garbage
 P500.00  8 hours (1 day)
02  Urinating, defecating, 
spitting 
in a public place
 P500.00  8 hours (1 day)
03  Dirty frontage and immediate surroundings for establishment owners  P1000.00  16 hours (2 days) 
04 Improper and untimely stacking of garbage outside residence or establishment P500.00 8 hours (1 day)
05 Obstruction (any dilapidated appliance, vehicle, and etc., display of merchandise, illegal structure along sidewalk) P1000.00
16 hours (2 days) 
06 Dirty public utility vehicles, or no trash can or receptacle P500.00 8 hours (1 day)
07 Spilling, scattering, littering of wastes by public utility vehicles P500.00 8 hours (1 day)
08 Illegal posting or installed signage, billboards, posters, streamers and movie ads., etc. P1000.00
16 hours (2 days)